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News Kurslisten Analysen Devisen Dollarkurs Fonds Zertifikate Optionsscheine Knock-Outs Anleihen Rohstoffe Themen Aktien kaufen Depot eröffnen Portfolio Aktien China Währungsrechner Gold kaufen. The English word "China" is first attested in Richard Eden's translation of the journal of the Portuguese explorer Duarte Barbosa. The demonym, that is, the name for the people, and adjectival form "Chinese" developed later on the model of Portuguese chinês and French wholesumfamilyfarms.infog code: +
Get help if you're the victim of crime, you've been arrested, or are affected by a crisis abroad. Compensation for terrorist attacks abroad - eligibility, acts of terrorism covered, application form, helpline.
If you're a UK resident and have been injured because of a violent crime abroad, you can usually apply for compensation. Contact the nearest British embassy, commission or consulate to get help if you're the victim of crime abroad. Find out what the Foreign and Commonwealth Office can do to help if you or someone you know is arrested abroad.
Advice for British nationals in China on reporting rape or sexual assault, finding medical treatment and engaging with the Chinese legal authorities. Information for British nationals affected by rape or sexual assault abroad and returning to the UK, including how to access medical treatment and legal advice in the UK. Advice for British nationals affected by crises abroad, including terrorist attacks, natural disasters and major political unrest, and information on what help the Foreign and Commonwealth Office FCO can provide.
Includes how to cancel a lost passport, renew a passport and apply for an emergency travel document. You can apply for or renew a British passport while you're visiting the UK - as long as you expect to be in the UK for long enough. This page is designed to provide British Nationals with guidance on what to do if their passport is lost or stolen in China. What you need to do if your passport has been lost or stolen and you need to travel urgently - emergency travel document and replacement passport.
Apply for an emergency travel document if you're outside the UK and haven't got a valid British passport - apply online, how to apply, fee, timings. Includes travel advice and how to get married abroad. Latest travel advice for China including safety and security, entry requirements, travel warnings and health. Requirements, paperwork and processes for weddings and civil partnerships overseas - registration, restrictions, fees.
How to minimise your risk and what to do in the event of a terrorist attack. Guidance on how to apply for a visa for the UK in China. You may need a visa to come to the UK to visit, study or work. Get your documents returned if you've made a UK visa, immigration or citizenship application but need them back urgently.
Includes how to access healthcare, get a document legalised, lists of lawyers and how to vote abroad. UK companies may benefit from voluntary copyright recordal as part of a China IP strategy. Bad-faith trade mark applications is the most common business irritant reported to the British Embassy in Beijing. Use the online service to get a UK document legalised. Intellectual property protection can underpin success for UK companies in China's booming education sector.
This list of hospitals has been prepared for the convenience of British Nationals who may require medical services in China. This page is designed to provide British Nationals with an overview of medical treatment in China and information on how the FCO can help if a British National is in hospital.
This page is designed to provide British Nationals with guidance on nationality in China. This guide highlights some of the main ways you can help yourself stay safe abroad and what help the FCO can provide. Find out what benefits you might be able to receive while you're abroad and how to export them from the UK or claim them while abroad.
How to vote if you're going to be abroad temporarily on election day, and what to do if you're moving overseas long term.
Includes how to pay tax, claim State Pension and get tax credits abroad. Benefits you can claim if you go abroad and countries with social security arrangements with the UK. Advice for British nationals and UK companies in China. What you need to know if you move or retire abroad - tax, pensions, voting and contacting your local council. A summary report into anti-counterfeiting activity in China and Southeast Asia. How to claim State Pension if you're overseas - payment, tax, change of circumstances - contact the International Pension Centre.
Tax credits if you live abroad, go travelling, are a cross-border worker or subject to immigration control. Protecting confidential information and intellectual property in creative collaborations. Includes how to get married, list of funeral directors and how to register a birth abroad. What to do if you are planning to adopt a child in China. In this document the applicant swears an oath that no impediment to marriage in China exists.
In this document the applicant affirms that no impediment to marriage in China exists. Information to help the family and friends of British nationals who have died in China. Advice on how to ascertain nationality for your child. This page is designed to provide British Nationals with guidance on how to get married in China. You can find information on both opposite sex and same sex marriages. Parents must register the birth in the country where the child was born - find out if you can also register the birth in the UK.
Information for British nationals who are considering entering into surrogacy arrangements in foreign countries. The steps you must take when someone dies - register a death, report a death with Tell Us Once, coroners, funerals and death abroad.
Check what to do after a death - how to register the death, notify government departments and manage financial issues. Find out about the UK government's diplomatic, security and development work in China. Updates, news and events from the UK government in China. Find out how the UK will respond to opportunities and challenges, what is being achieved for the UK and who we are working with.
Includes investing and setting up a business in the UK and doing business in China. Over the millennia, Chinese civilization has been influenced by various religious movements. The " three teachings ", including Confucianism , Taoism , and Buddhism Chinese Buddhism , historically have a significant role in shaping Chinese culture,   enriching a theological and spiritual framework which harkens back to the early Shang and Zhou dynasty.
China is home to many of the world's tallest religious statues , including the tallest of all, the Spring Temple Buddha in Henan. Clear data on religious affiliation in China is difficult to gather due to varying definitions of "religion" and the unorganized, diffusive nature of Chinese religious traditions. Scholars note that in China there is no clear boundary between three teachings religions, Buddhism, Taoism and local folk religious practice.
Significant faiths specifically connected to certain ethnic groups include Tibetan Buddhism and the Islamic religion of the Hui , Uyghur , Kazakh , Kyrgyz and other peoples in Northwest China. Since ancient times, Chinese culture has been heavily influenced by Confucianism and conservative philosophies. For much of the country's dynastic era, opportunities for social advancement could be provided by high performance in the prestigious imperial examinations , which have their origins in the Han dynasty.
Chinese culture has long emphasized a sense of deep history and a largely inward-looking national perspective. The first leaders of the People's Republic of China were born into the traditional imperial order, but were influenced by the May Fourth Movement and reformist ideals. They sought to change some traditional aspects of Chinese culture, such as rural land tenure, sexism , and the Confucian system of education, while preserving others, such as the family structure and culture of obedience to the state.
Some observers see the period following the establishment of the PRC in as a continuation of traditional Chinese dynastic history, while others claim that the Communist Party's rule has damaged the foundations of Chinese culture, especially through political movements such as the Cultural Revolution of the s, where many aspects of traditional culture were destroyed, having been denounced as "regressive and harmful" or "vestiges of feudalism ".
Many important aspects of traditional Chinese morals and culture, such as Confucianism, art, literature, and performing arts like Peking opera ,  were altered to conform to government policies and propaganda at the time. Access to foreign media remains heavily restricted.
Today, the Chinese government has accepted numerous elements of traditional Chinese culture as being integral to Chinese society. With the rise of Chinese nationalism and the end of the Cultural Revolution, various forms of traditional Chinese art, literature, music, film, fashion and architecture have seen a vigorous revival,   and folk and variety art in particular have sparked interest nationally and even worldwide.
Chinese literature is based on the literature of the Zhou dynasty. Li Bai and Du Fu opened the forking ways for the poetic circles through romanticism and realism respectively. In the wake of the New Culture Movement after the end of the Qing dynasty, Chinese literature embarked on a new era with written vernacular Chinese for ordinary citizens.
Hu Shih and Lu Xun were pioneers in modern literature. Mo Yan , a xungen literature author, was awarded the Nobel Prize in Literature in Chinese cuisine is highly diverse, drawing on several millennia of culinary history and geographical variety, in which the most influential are known as the "Eight Major Cuisines", including Sichuan , Cantonese , Jiangsu , Shandong , Fujian , Hunan , Anhui , and Zhejiang cuisines.
The diet of the common people in pre-modern times was largely grain and simple vegetables, with meat reserved for special occasions. And the bean products, such as tofu and soy milk , remain as a popular source of protein. Southern cuisine, due to the area's proximity to the ocean and milder climate, has a wide variety of seafood and vegetables; it differs in many respects from the wheat-based diets across dry northern China.
Numerous offshoots of Chinese food, such as Hong Kong cuisine and American Chinese food , have emerged in the nations that play host to the Chinese diaspora. China has become a prime sports destination worldwide.
China has one of the oldest sporting cultures in the world. Physical fitness is widely emphasized in Chinese culture, with morning exercises such as qigong and t'ai chi ch'uan widely practiced,  and commercial gyms and private fitness clubs are gaining popularity across the country. China has participated in the Olympic Games since , although it has only participated as the PRC since China hosted the Summer Olympics in Beijing, where its athletes received 51 gold medals — the highest number of gold medals of any participating nation that year.
Beijing and its nearby city Zhangjiakou of Hebei province will also collaboratively host the Olympic Winter Games , which will make Beijing the first city in the world to hold both the Summer Olympics and the Winter Olympics. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.
This article is about the People's Republic of China. For the Republic of China, see Taiwan. For other uses, see China disambiguation. For other uses, see PRC disambiguation. State in East Asia. Area controlled by the People's Republic of China shown in dark green; claimed but uncontrolled regions shown in light green. Mongolian Uyghur Tibetan Zhuang various others . History of China and Timeline of Chinese history.
Dynasties in Chinese history. Republic of China — History of the People's Republic of China. Li River near Guilin , Guangxi. Environmental issues in China. Water resources of China and Energy policy of China. List of current Chinese provincial leaders.
Foreign relations of China. Military history of China before and People's Liberation Army. Economic history of China —present. Income inequality in China. Science and technology in China , Chinese space program , List of Chinese discoveries , List of Chinese inventions , and History of science and technology in China.
Water supply and sanitation in China. Languages of China and List of endangered languages in China. Pharmaceutical industry in China. Chinese culture and Culture of the People's Republic of China.
Sport in China and China at the Olympics. China portal Asia portal. General Secretary of the Communist Party of China de facto paramount leader , President of the People's Republic of China de jure head of state , and Chairman of the Central Military Commission Commander-in-chief for both state and party. Hong Kong and Macau use left-hand traffic except several parts of metro lines. The majority of the country's trains drive on the left.
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