The Travel Year 2018 Highlights.
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Argentina , Backpack , Itinerary , South America. January 4, by Pauline. I love visiting those hip places, you maybe would not discover yourself when visiting a place, and by this, I have… Share this: December 30, by Pauline. October 23, by Pauline. Did I mention it is a World… Share this: September 27, by Pauline. In this limited time,… Share this: August 29, by Pauline.
One day in your life you… Share this: July 30, by Pauline. Trondheim is a friendly city that deliver the elongated Trondheims fjord, high mountains, history, northern light, eagles and also the leading food region in Norway with excellent… Share this: Europe , Norway , Postcard. Backpack , Sri Lanka. July 27, by Pauline. July 8, by Pauline.
June 28, by Pauline. In response to one plan, in which prisoners would storm the camp gates and make a run for the forest, where they would connect with partisans , the Rebbe advised, "Until we see that the Nazis are about to exterminate us, it is prohibited for anyone to sacrifice his life and put himself in a situation of certain death.
But one must remain vigilant, and as soon as it becomes clear that the Nazis are ready to attack us, we must do everything in our power to rise up against them. Some time later, after most of the prisoners had been transported from Warsaw, remaining prisoners did stage a revolt.
The Nazis killed every one of them. As the Russian Army moved closer to Poland, the Germans decided to liquidate the special ghetto-clearing unit of which Halberstam was a member. All the prisoners were taken to a field outside of Warsaw, told to undress and stand near open pits, where soldiers prepared to machine-gun them.
At the last moment, however, a car sped into the field. A high-ranking officer jumped out and communicated the special order from Berlin to stop the execution and send the prisoners to the Dachau concentration camp , where they were needed as slave laborers.
This unexpected reprieve, however, led to a brutal death march: In the blazing July heat, the emaciated prisoners were deprived of food and water and allowed to rest only at night. Those who couldn't keep up were shot. On the third day, strained to the length of their endurance, the group was finally brought to rest for the night in a field surrounded by SS officers.
As the guards slept, the Rebbe passed the word around: God's salvation comes in the blink of an eye. Remarkably, each found water, and small springs began to pop up everywhere, quenching everyone's thirst and giving them new life. Many years later, the Rebbe explained why he himself didn't drink from the water because the date was 9th Av, a traditional day of fasting to commemorate the destruction of the temple.
On the fifth day, the surviving marchers were packed into cattle cars for the rest of the journey to Dachau. Over the next few days, many succumbed to the overcrowding, lack of water, stench and heat in the cattle cars. Of the that set out on the death march, less than made it to Dachau alive. The Rebbe was one of the survivors. From Dachau, the Rebbe was dispatched to the Muldorf Forest, where the Nazis were building an underground airport, hangar and missile batteries in order to bomb major European cities.
He and thousands of other prisoners were forced to work hour shifts, carrying pound bags of cement from the rail depot to the cement mixers inside the hangar. Halberstam grew very weak from this difficult work.
When he collapsed under his burden, he was beaten. He refused to work at all on Shabbat, which brought on more beatings. Finally, his friends persuaded the camp managers to give him to the job of camp custodian , allowing him to sweep and tidy the barracks while engaging in prayer the entire day.
Despite the hardships and privations, Halberstam was a beacon of strength and hope for his fellow prisoners. When one died in the infirmary—hardly a noteworthy occurrence in those days—the Rebbe stood up and eulogized him for having been a great Torah scholar in Hungary. He refused to eat non-kosher food or food cooked in the non-kosher kitchen, subsisting only on bread and water during his nine months in Muldorf. Moreover, he would not eat the bread until he had ritually washed his hands, and would often wait for days to find some water for this purpose.
One prisoner watched him stand beside the cement mixer for hours at a time, collecting the drops of water that dripped from the tank. As the war wound down in spring , the Germans disbanded the Muldorf camp and sent the inmate population on yet another death march , chasing them from place to place without food or rest. Sometimes they were loaded aboard rail cars and driven to and fro.
On Friday, April 27, the train suddenly stopped in a small town and SS officers jumped aboard, declaring, "You are free! Many prisoners believed them and jumped off the train.
But Halberstam told the people around him, "Today is the eve of Shabbat. Where will we go? At the same time, American bombers dove in, strafing the field. Only Halberstam and those who stayed with him on the train escaped injury. Two days later, their real liberation came when the train stopped near a village and the Nazi guards deserted them.
American soldiers boarded the train with smiles, candy and chocolates. The group was brought to the Feldafing DP camp near Munich , exhausted, demoralized and penniless. Here Halberstam's leadership qualities rose to the fore and he became the spokesman and leader of the religious survivors.
He immediately arranged for the proper burial of those who had died by the train tracks, and demanded kosher food for the survivors. On the first Shabbat after liberation, he led the public prayer services in a newly opened synagogue and delivered a two-hour lecture, quoting from memory scholarly writings that he had last seen years before.
His eldest son survived the war, but succumbed to illness in a nearby DP camp before his father even knew that he had survived. Yet Halberstam never complained of his lot, and avoided depression by reaching out to others. He spent much time listening to and comforting people of all ages, and brought hundreds of people back to religious observance through his passionate public speeches.
In fall , Halberstam moved to the new DP camp of Föhrenwald , a larger location in Munich which he turned into the center of religious Jewish life for all the DP camps. Here the Rebbe created a communal survivors organization called Sh'erit ha-Pletah "the surviving remnant" , which operated religious schools for boys and girls and yeshivos for young men in 19 different DP camps.
In addition, Halberstam set up a kosher slaughterhouse; built a kosher mikveh ; acquired and distributed religious articles such as tzitzit , tefillin and mezuzot ; raised money to help couples marry; and established Halakhic Jewish legal guidelines for men and women who had no proof of their spouse's death, enabling them to remarry and start new families.
Eisenhower visited the camps and came to see Halberstam, who had received a reputation as a "wonder rabbi". However, the Rebbe would not speak with him until he had finished his prayers. The earthly general had to wait. In typical fashion, Halberstam asked for a small sample of the Four Species so that the survivors could properly celebrate the upcoming Sukkot holiday.
That fall, he embarked on another fund-raising trip and decided to eventually resettle in New York to strengthen the American Jewish community there and to continue working for Holocaust survivors from that side of the Atlantic. He came to the United States on the Marine Marlin, and recruited a number of orphans to come and learn in his Yeshiva on the boat ride to the United States.
He established his court in the Williamsburg section of Brooklyn , New York, in Although the Klausenberger Rebbe had gone to great lengths to allow agunos and widowers to remarry after the Holocaust, relying on testimonies from people who had seen their spouses being led "to the left" in the Nazi selections rather than documented evidence, the Rebbe did not rely on the testimonies of his first wife's death.
Instead, he sought the approval of rabbis and sat on the ground for half an hour in mourning for his first wife before he remarried. He and his second wife had five daughters and two sons. The Rebbe's decision to move to the United States was not a permanent one. Throughout his travails in the Holocaust, he always had in mind the goal of settling in Israel.
Toward that end, he established the Kiryat Sanz neighborhood in the beachside city of Netanya in Over the next few years, he raised money for the establishment of key neighborhood institutions, including girls' and boys' schools and yeshivas , an orphanage , and an old-age home. The Rebbe moved permanently to Israel in , settling in Netanya and directing both the community there and in Williamsburg. He also founded battei medrash and schools in other cities in Israel, and established the Kiryat Sanz neighborhood of Jerusalem as well.
In he founded another Sanz community in Union City, New Jersey ,  and afterwards divided his time between that community and his residence in Netanya. The Rebbe is known for having established Laniado Hospital , a voluntary, not-for-profit bed hospital in Kiryat Sanz, Netanya. The hospital is run according to Jewish law. The vision for establishing the hospital originated during the Holocaust.
At the cornerstone-laying for the second building in , he told the assemblage in Yiddish:. I was saved from the gas chambers, saved from Hitler.
I spent several years in Nazi death camps. Besides the fact that they murdered my wife and 11 children, my mother, my sisters and my brother — of my whole family, some people, I was the only one who survived — I witnessed their cruelty. I remember as if it were today how they shot me in the arm. I was afraid to go to the Nazi infirmary, though there were doctors there.
I knew that if I went in, I'd never come out alive. Then I cut a branch and tied it around the wound to hold it in place. With God's help, it healed in three days. Then I promised myself that if, with God's help, I got well and got out of there, away from those resha'im wicked people , I would build a hospital in Eretz Yisrael where every human being would be cared for with dignity.
And the basis of that hospital would be that the doctors and nurses would believe that there is a God in this world and that when they treat a patient, they are fulfilling the greatest mitzvah in the Torah. In , he laid the cornerstone for a community hospital to be run according to the strictest standards of Halakha.
Finally, his friends persuaded the camp managers to give him to the job of camp custodian , allowing him to sweep and tidy the barracks while engaging in prayer the entire day. See Wikipedia's guide to writing better articles for suggestions.
During the 16 years he spent there, he exhibited many of the qualities that would set him apart during his imprisonment by the Nazis. About a month after the Rebbe's arrival, the Arrow Cross took over Hungary.